Red wine is a type of fermented drink made from dark grapes. The inclusion of fruit skins gives the colour, tannins as well as other phytochemicals. Factors such as cultivation environment, grape variety, viticulture activities and weather conditions affect the composition of the resulting wine. However, in every litre of red wine, you can expect the following:
v Macro-nutrients- Carbohydrates, Amino acids
v Water-Forms bulk of the product
v Organic acids such as malic, acetic and lactic
v Flavor and aromatic compounds
v Inorganic traces of potassium which affects the acidity of the wine
v Phenolic compounds and phytochemicals such as anthocyanins
In 2015, a section of scholars from Washington State University published on the relationship between red wine and weight loss. Resveratrol and ellagic acids are the functional compounds that have a direct impact on shedding off weight. Although all red wines have substantial amounts of these substances, the Red muscadine is the richest. The fermentation process increases the ellagic and Resveratrol levels in the wine, meaning that the older the wine, the better the results to expect.
Blueberries and Strawberries are other sources of these compounds. Min Du, a professor at Washington State, confirms that these berries could be alternative sources for people who do not like the wine. In addition, given that wine has other impacts such as inhibition, he recommends consuming the two berries, as they are natural sources.
Art McDermott, a certified nutritionist, created an eBook that focuses on red wine for losing weight. In his study, he concludes that many other compounds present in red wine promote burning fat. The antioxidant properties of the wine reduce toxicity levels in the body, which increases metabolism. Whereas many weight management programs classify alcohol, products as drinks to avoid, his scientific facts tend to prove otherwise.
Another argument by the scholars of the same university in 2012 related red wine consumption to suppressing of the appetite.
All weight loss programs focus on increasing body metabolism in combination with reduced calorie intake. Recent studies indicate that depriving the body off macronutrients while engaging in the strenuous exercises could be doing more harm than good. For instance, if you cut the calorie intake by over 25% and still engage in workouts, it is likely that you deprive the brain and other vital organs adequate energy. This has prompted researchers to use diet properties to effect the shedding of excess weight.
Fat burning programs focus on either of the following:
Increasing Energy Metabolism
Fat accumulation is because of excess energy intake. With metabolism, you increase the energy flow throughout the body. Workouts and regulated calorie intake are the common ways for increasing this metabolism. Red wine contains calories, which is the reason why you feel a rejuvenating effect after consumption. It is from these aspects that studies base their facts on red wine reducing appetite, especially for snacks.
Inhibiting Fat Cells Formation
The liver cells convert excess energy into fat cells, for storage. This stored energy is useful when the body goes low on normal energy requirements. However, with continued accumulation, there is possibility of developing obesity related symptoms. Weight loss experts have therefore recommended use of compounds that inhibit fat cell formation in the liver. An OSU study that used laboratory mice as specimen indicated the role of red wine components in reducing the fat cell accumulation in the liver.
Mode of Action
The approach on how red wine works to manage weight takes many angles. However, the common basis for all approaches is regulating the consumption of wine, due to the detrimental effects of alcohol. Some nutritionists such as Art McDermott also include a combination of diet food that influences the efficiency of red wine in weight loss. His eBook also includes accelerators and habits that affect the success of the program.
This antioxidant takes dominance in shedding excess fat. The 2015 study by the Washington State University proved that this compound aids in conversion of white fat into beige fat. This is a mix of brown and white fat, which exhibits better properties in conversion of food to heat energy, when compared to white fat on its own. Both humans and mice (used for the study), possess brown fat that is triggered by irsin hormone, present in both parties. With enough of beige fat, they act as stores for excess energy, which would have otherwise accumulated on your belly.
Inflammation is another aspect that Resveratrol rectifies. The leptin hormone has a direct impact on appetite through suppressing of hunger. Inflammation occurs because of toxic accumulation, with chronic cases affecting the triggering of leptin hormone, according to cardiologists. Given that this is an antioxidant, it reduces the possibility of free radical formation. Its presence in aged red wine makes the drink a reliable source for these antioxidants.
The alcohol content of red wine has some other properties that promote weight loss. Greg Traversy who works with the Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group wrote on the relationship between alcohol and weight gain. In his research paper, he attributes moderate alcohol intake to enough sleep. Adequate sleep has been associated with reduced body stress and the ability of the body to metabolize all the energy as well as proper regulation of leptin hormone. However, the study leaves the consumers to decide on their moderate levels.
Red wine is a stimulant and according to Art McDermott, it helps in reducing mental stress. On the other hand, studies show that stress triggers Cortisol hormone, which is responsible for cravings. Philip Hagen who is a professor of medicine confirms that stress leads to fat accumulation, especially around the belly. All stimulants increase energy metabolism and dispensation in the body. The combination of stress relief’ and energy metabolism are another approach in weight loss.
With over 100 calories, a glass of red wine provides a satiety feeling. A study in 2012 proved that taking wine reduces the appetite since the body feels satisfied. Although they used bees as specimen in the study, other nutritional papers support this fact. The 100 calories running through the system provides enough energy for normal functioning, reducing the tendency to take junk food.
In 2010, a research article published in Archives of Internal Medicine indicated that women who drank a maximum of two glasses of red wine showed lower obesity risks than those who survived with none. Although other research articles ascertain that regulated intake of alcohol has no relation with weight gain, lack of gauging parameters creates a big controversy. In fact, this study further stated that the results came from the activation stimulation effects that reduced appetite to accommodate the calories from the wine and increased the exercise rates.
Alcohol is a drug and therefore the expectation is that it affects the normal body functioning. According to Marc Hellerstein, a professor in human nutrition, consumption of alcohol triggers the body to start processing the wine, at the expense of food. This brings in the aspect of timing and diet combination; if the red wine is to help, you lose weight. Another study revealed that amino acids reduce the efficiency of Resveratrol, making it a strategic approach towards diet plans.
Pros and Cons
The pros and cons of red wine for losing weight revolve around the benefits and risks involved. Since the introduction of this study, researchers have gone deeper to define the various functionalities of wine and its relationship with body functions.
1. Organic Weight Loss
Red wine is a natural product that involves additives such as yeast for fermentation. This means that it is poses no chemical threats to the users. The fact that it uses antioxidant properties to burn fat makes it a better preference to supplements. In addition, it poses no adverse side effects, especially if consumers regulate their daily intake.
2. Compatible with other Diet Plans
You can engage in other weight management activities such as workouts and diet. In fact, studies reveal that a combination of diet strategies produces faster and reliable results, when compares to sole red wine plan. The stimulating effects of the wine promotes the alertness during workouts, making users engage more and expect better results within a short time.
3. Universal Plan
Except for people with medical restrictions, wine is a universally accepted product. While other weight management plans such as workouts excludes the old or physically challenged, this can be adopted by anyone who can tolerate a little tipsy effect. Given that the daily requirement goes to as little as one glass, the scope of compatible consumers is high across the globe.
4. Other Health Benefits
In addition to weight loss, studies reveal that consumption of red wine has other health benefits. Husam Ghanim, PhD, Resveratrol reduces the diseases such as type 2 diabetes. This is through the regulation of blood glucose levels and fat accumulation in the body. The antioxidant properties also reduce the likelihood of cardiac complications and stroke, through prevention of free radicals.
5. Stress Management
Accumulation of toxins in the body leads to system stress, a condition that promotes the tendency to accumulate weight. With the high levels of antioxidants in the wine, consumers keep body systems regulated, reducing the probability of increasing midsection weight.
1. No Regulation Parameters
All studies leave the consumers to decide their moderation levels. Given that excess of alcohol leads to adverse effects, it would be a risky engagement for consumers who exceed the levels, in an effort to lose weight. It would be better if the researchers defined the recommended dietary intakes, either by age or by level of activity.
2. Slow Results
Using red wine for weight loss purposes is a lifetime venture. Although it presents no known side effects with consumption, it is unsuitable for people, who invest in the plan for weight management purposes. Some researchers recommend this as a complementary plan for workouts and diets, rather than a sole program for burning fat.
3. Alcohol addiction
Red wine contains considerable amounts of alcohol, which is a drug. Since the plan requires a daily consumption, users stand a risk of addiction to ethanol. Among the effects of addiction is the likelihood of increasing consumption. This leaves the method to the population who are capable of regulating the amounts of alcohol intakes, regardless of the body cravings and urges.
4. Antagonistic properties
Dr. Min Du, a professor at Washington State University reveals that Resveratrol, as the functional property in this case, reacts with amino acids. During the interaction process, the efficiency of this antioxidant goes down when compared to when you consume Resveratrol on its own. Due to these conflicting results, he disregards the efficiency of red wine in fat burning, especially due to the calories.
Just like the other programs of losing weight, red wine has its supportive facts as well as downplays. Many researchers have proved the antioxidant properties of this drink. In addition, the role of both Resveratrol and ellagic acid in shedding of body fat have scientific basis. Does it mean that weight loss depends on the stress and inflammation regulation? Does it mean that all overweight people have toxic accumulation that the wine will suppress and trigger losing weight?
From the studies carried out, red wine possesses properties that would only aid in losing weight. This means that it is not a complete weight management plan. In his eBook, Ark McDermott includes a section of the foods to consume together with the wine, as well as accelerator activities that will help promote losing weight. The stimulating properties of alcohol are undoubted, and they help increase energy metabolism in the body. With adequate energy running through the system, you reduce the appetite and consequential need to accumulate more calories in the body.
On the other hand, the antioxidant properties of red wine prepare the body for weight loss. With the body organs having less toxic to cater for, it is possible that they will metabolize fat. The conversion of white fat to beige fat is another platform through which red wine reduce fat accumulation in body organs. With a glass of wine having over 100 calories, it means that consumers should compensate for this energy in the diet through reducing the energy RDI by the same volume.
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